Symptoms of Impacted Wisdom Teeth
Damage to surrounding teeth
By pushing up against the surrounding teeth on an angle an impacted wisdom tooth can increase the risk of cavities in both teeth, and create deep gum pockets that can not be cleaned.
Impacted wisdom teeth can cause movement of the neighbouring second molars (12 year old molars), shifting their position in the mouth. This can cause further movement of the surrounding teeth that contributes to overcrowding of the front teeth.
The gum around a partially erupted wisdom tooth can become repeatedly infected. Infections can also occur under the gum line. Initial symptoms of infection can include pain, swelling and stiffness in the jaw that make it tender and very difficult to chew.
It is critical to treat any infection as soon as it occurs and the infection must be resolved before the wisdom teeth can be removed.
Causes of Impacted Wisdom Teeth
Wisdom teeth are the third set, and last molars on the upper and lower sides of each jaw. They are the last set of permanent teeth to come through in an adult mouth and usually appear in your late teens to early twenties.
Insufficient space for wisdom teeth is a common issue. Without enough space to fully erupt through the gum the wisdom teeth become impacted. This is largely due to overcrowding by the surrounding teeth, the position of soft tissue (gum) or bone.
Studies have shown that the removal of impacted wisdom teeth earlier in life will lead to fewer complications and better healing times.
Wisdom Teeth and Invisalign
In some cases wisdom teeth are removed to allow for the correction of spacing and alignment issues using Invisalign. If there is overcrowding or insufficient space to move teeth into the correct position, Dr Cronin may recommend removing wisdom teeth to provide the best possible treatment outcome.